Basti is the method of performing an enema. Basti is one of the six purification techniques mentioned in the yogic texts. It is aimed at cleaning the lower intestines and the colon, removing toxins and cooling the body. This method is also used with its variations in traditional medicine practice of Ayurveda and Naturopathy. Basti removes the impurities and cleans the colon, thus detoxifying the large intestine.It relieves gas formation in the large intestine.
Nauli is a technique for abdominal massage. Benefits of Nauli are tremendous. It is one of the six purification methods. It can maintain good health and vitality. Nauli is a powerful technique which massages all the organs in the abdomen – the stomach, the liver, spleen, urinary bladder, pancreas, gall bladder and the intestines. This helps to maintain perfect health of the lower organs.
Kapalbhati is an important part of the yogic system of body cleansing techniques. The word kapalbhati is made up of two words: kapal meaning 'skull' and bhati meaning 'shining, illuminating.' Due to the process, the organs in and under the skull mainly the brain, small brain and any of the spaces inside the head that are connected to the back of the nose are influenced in a good manner. Hence the word is used in that way. It is intended mainly for cleaning the cranial sinuses but has many other effects including curing anemia.
Trāṭaka is a method of meditation that involves staring at a single point such as a small object, black dot or candle flame. It is said to bring energy to the "third eye & ; and promote various psychic abilities. By fixing the gaze the restless mind too comes to a halt. Trāṭaka is said to enhance the ability to concentrate. It increases the power of memory and brings the mind in a state of awareness, attention and focus.
Neti kriya is a type of yogic nasal cleansing exercise. Neti kriya is designed to purify the nasal passages and bathe the sinuses. The purpose of the kriyas is to keep the body strong, clean and healthy. They are said to remove toxins and anything blocking the flow of prana in the body. The kriyas are believed to prepare the body for yoga practice such as asanas, pranayama and meditation by eliminating physical distractions, discomfort and fatigue.
Dhauti is an important part of the yogic system of body cleansing techniques. It is intended mainly to the cleaning of the digestive tract in its full length but it affects also the respiratory tract, external ears and eyes. It is divided into four parts: Antar (internal) dhauti, Danta (teeth) dhauti, Hrid (cardiac or chest region) dhauti and Moola shodhana (rectal cleansing).